Society – References

Extended list of references

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Mandela quotation

What makes for a good society?

Centre for Society and Mental Health at Kings College London quotation – in the “How we see things” section – has been slightly reworded since retrieved for the book!

New Statesman / Webb Memorial Trust (2017) Rethinking Poverty: What makes a Good Society? (First published as a supplement to the New Statesman of 06 Oct 2017). Policy Press.

Woman’s Own (1987) Margaret Thatcher Interview, 23 September 1987.

Amitai Etzioni (1996) The New Golden Rule. HarperCollins.

The Golden Rule

John Helliwell, Richard Layard & Jeffrey Sachs (2017) World Happiness Report 2017. Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

What gets in the way of a society where everyone can flourish?

UNICEF sanitation mortality estimates:

WHO (2001) Water for health: taking charge. World Health Organization.

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP & WHO (2020) The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020. Transforming food systems for affordable healthy diets. FAO.

Habitat for Humanity

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Loay Alnaji, Mahmoud Yousef Askari & Ghaleb El Refae (2016) Can tolerance of diverse groups improve the wellbeing of societies? International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 11(1), 48–57.

Juliana Menasce Horowitz, Anna Brown & Kiana Cox (2019) Race in America 2019. Pew Research Centre.

Frank Edwards, Hedwig Lee & Michael Esposito (2019) Risk of being killed by police use of force in the United States by age, race–ethnicity, and sex.

Gabriel Schwartz & Jaquelyn Jahn (2020) Mapping fatal police violence across U.S. metropolitan areas: Overall rates and racial/ethnic inequities, 2013-2017. PLOS One, June 24, 2020

Martha Augoustinos (2013) Psychological perspectives on racism. InPsych, 35(4).

John Gramlich (2019) The gap between the number of blacks and whites in prison is shrinking. Pew Research Centre.

The Guardian (9 June 2020) “Aboriginal deaths in custody: Black Lives Matter protests referred to our count of 432 deaths. It’s now 437.”  

What can positive psychology offer?

Social Connection

David Mellor, Mark Stokes, Lucy Firth, Yoko Hayashi & Robert Cummins (2008) Need for belonging, relationship satisfaction, loneliness and life satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 213–218.

Sue Roffey (2013) Inclusive and exclusive belonging – the impact on individual and community well-being. Educational and Child Psychology, 30(1), 38-49.

Megan Phelps-Roper (2017) I grew up in the Westboro Baptist Church: Here’s why I leftTED talk.

Joseph Durlak, Rebecca Taylor, Kei Kawashima, Molly Pachan, Emily DuPre, Christine Celio, Sasha Berger, Allison Dymnicki & Roger Weissberg (2007) Effects of positive youth development programs on school, family, and community systemsAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 39, 269–286.

John Helliwell, Haifang Huang & Shun Wang (2016) New evidence on trust and well-beingNational Bureau of Economic Research. (No. w22450)


Richard Ryan & Edward Deci (2000) The “what” and “why” of goal pursuit: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 2000(11), 227–268.

Richard Ryan & Edward Deci (2017) Self-Determination Theory – Basic Psychological Needs in Motivation, Development and Wellness. Guilford Press.

Transforming life in a refugee camp: Refugee Support

Building on what’s working

Kostadin Kushlev, Danielle Drummond, Samantha Heintzelman & Ed Diener (2019) Do happy people care about society’s problems? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 15(4), 467-77.

Barbara Fredrickson (2001) The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American Psychologist, 56(3), 218–226.

David Cooperider & Diana Whitney (2005) Appreciative Inquiry: A positive revolution in change. Berrett-Koehler

United Religions Initiative (2003) Appreciative Inquiry and URI

WHO (2015) Appreciative inquiry: Nepal uses new approach to achieve full immunization for children. World Health Organization.

Building better societies

Fairness: equality versus equity

Richard Wilkinson & Kate Pickett (2009) The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone. Allen Lane / Penguin.

Richard Wilkinson & Kate Pickett (2019) The Inner Level: How More Equal Societies Reduce Stress, Restore Sanity and Improve Everyone’s Well-being. Penguin.

Social Mobility Commission (2019) State of the Nation 2018-19: Social Mobility in Great Britain. HMSO.

Addressing discrimination?

Oksana Yakushko (2018) Don’t worry, be happy: Erasing racism, sexism, and poverty in positive psychology. Psychotherapy and Politics International, 16(1)

Thomas Fraser Pettigrew & Linda Tropp (2008) How does intergroup contact reduce prejudice? Meta-analytic tests of three mediators. European journal of social psychology, 38(6), 922 – 934


Elle (9 June 2020) Why Black Activists & Celebrities Are Taking Over White Influencers’ Instagram Handles For #ShareTheMicNow

Together for Humanity
Rony Berger, Joy Benatov, Hisham Abu-Raiya & Carmit Tadmor (2016) Reducing prejudice and promoting positive intergroup attitudes among elementary-school children in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Journal of school psychology, 57.

Feeling safe

Gallup Law and Order Index

Lawrence Sherman (2020) Targeting American Policing, Rogue Cops or Rogue Cultures? Cambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing, 4, 77–88.

Katherine Landergan (2020) The City that Really Did Abolish the Police. Politico.

Positive criminology

Francis Cullen, Cheryl Lero Jonson & Daniel Nagin (2011) Prisons do not reduce recidivism: The high cost of ignoring science. The Prison Journal 91(3), 48S–68S.

Natti Ronel & Dana Segev (2015) Positive Criminology. Routledge.

Manudeep Bhuller, Gordon Dahl, Katrine Løken, Magne Mogstad & Christa Freeland (2019) What the rest of the world can learn from Norway’s prison system. World Economics Forum

Lena Leong (2010) Story of the Singapore prison service: From custodians of prisoners to captains of life. NS6 International Roundtable, Public Governance International.

Empowerment of women

UN SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

United Nations (2019) The Report of the Secretary General: The Special Edition of the Sustainable Development Goals Progress Report. UN.

Equal Measures 2030 (2019) Harnessing the power of data for gender equality: Introducing the 2019 EM2030 SDG Gender Index: Global Report 2019

Marcus Noland, Tyler Moran & Barbara Kotschwar (2016) Is gender diversity profitable? Evidence from a global survey. Peterson Institute for International Economics Working Paper.

Global Partnership for Education (2015) 15 women leading the way for girls’ education.

Increasing employment prospects

Simon Luechinger, Stephan Meier and Alois Stutzer (2010) Why does unemployment hurt the employed? Evidence from the life satisfaction gap between the public and the private sector. Journal of Human Resources, 45(4), 998-1045.

Darren Coppin, Joseph Ciarrochi, Baljinder Sahdra & David Rosete (2020) Evaluation of The Treatment Utility of a Jobseeker Segmentation and Intervention Program. OSF Preprints.

Jennie Brand (2015) The far-reaching impact of job loss and unemployment. Annual Review of Sociology, 41, 359-375.

Aspiration and hope

New Zealand Government (2019) New Zealand Budget Policy Statement.

OECD Better Life Index

Philip Zimbardo, Emma Seppälä & Zeno Franco (2017) Heroism: Social Transformation Through Compassion in Action. In Emma Seppälä, Emiliana Simon-Thomas, Stephanie Brown, Monica Worline, Daryl Cameron & James Doty (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science.