Leisure – References

Extended list of references

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W.H. Davies (1911) Songs of Joy and Others. A.C. Fifield.

Why is leisure important for wellbeing?

Robert Stebbins (2006) Serious leisure: A Perspective for Our Time. In Chris Rojek, Susan Shaw & AJ Veal (Eds.), A Handbook of leisure studies (pp. 448–456). Palgrave Macmillan.

Do we have time for leisure?


Michael Huberman & Chris Minns (2007) The times they are not changin’: Days and hours of work in Old and New Worlds, 1870–2000. Explorations in Economic History, 44(4)538–567.

Barry Schwartz & Andrew Ward (2004) Doing better but feeling worse: The paradox of choice. In Alex Linley & Stephen Joseph (Eds.), Positive psychology in practice, 86–104. Wiley.

Jonathan Gershuny (2005) Busyness as the badge of honor for the new superordinate working class. Social Research: An International Quarterly, 72(2), 287–314.

Is all leisure good for us?


David Smahel, Hana Machackova, Giovana Mascheroni, Lenka Dedkova, Elisabeth Staksrud, Kjartan Olafsson, Sonia Livingstone & Uew Hasebrink (2020) EU Kids Online 2020: Survey results from 19 countries. London School of Economics and Political Science.

Peter Gray (2011) The Decline of Play and the Rise of Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents. American Journal of Play, 3(4), 443–463.

Joel Goh, Jeffrey Pfeffer & Stefanos Zenios (2015) The relationship between workplace stressors and mortality and health costs in the United States. Management Science, 62(2), 608–628.

Jose Gimenez-Nadal & Almudena Sevilla-Sanz (2011) The time-crunch paradox. Social indicators research102(2), 181-196.

What does positive psychology research say about leisure?

Joar Vittersø (2011) Recreate or create? Leisure as an arena for recovery and change. In Robert Biswas-Diener (Ed). Positive psychology as social change (pp. 293–308). Springer.

David Newman, Louis Tay & Ed Diener (2014). Leisure and subjective well-being: A model of psychological mechanisms as mediating factors. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15, 555–578.

Active and passive leisure: Context matters

Seppo Iso-Ahola (1997) A psychological analysis of leisure and health. In John Haworth (Ed.) Work, Leisure and Well-Being. Routledge.

Jeffrey Miller & Zlatan Krizan (2016) Walking facilitates positive affect (even when expecting the opposite). Emotion, 16(5), 775.

Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Catherine Meads, Guy Julier, Alan Tomlinson, Annette Payne, Lily Grigsby Duffy, Jack Lane, Giorgia D’Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Tess Kay, Paul Dolan, Stefano Testoni & Christina Victor (2018) What works for wellbeing? A systematic review of wellbeing outcomes for music and singing in adults. Perspectives in public health, 138(1), 39–46.

Colin Capaldi, Holli-Anne Passmore, Elizabeth Nisbet, John Zelenski & Raelyne Dopko (2015) Flourishing in nature: A review of the benefits of connecting with nature and its application as a wellbeing intervention. International Journal of Wellbeing, 5(4), 1–16.


Cecile Mathou (2010) Volunteering in the European Union. Final Report. GHK.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2014) Information needs for volunteering data.

Michael Frisch (2006) Quality of life therapy: Applying a life satisfaction approach to positive psychology and cognitive therapy. Wiley.