Childhood – References

Extended list of references

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Nelson Mandela (1995) Speech at the launch of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Foundation.

How we raise children matters for universal wellbeing

Harvard Making Caring Common Project (2014) The Children we Mean to Raise: The Real Messages Adults are Sending about Values. Harvard Graduate School of Education.

Marcia Carteret (2013) Culturally-Based Differences in Child Rearing Practices. Dimensions of Culture.

Shaun Lohoar, Nick Butera & Edita Kennedy (2014) Strengths of Australian Aboriginal cultural practices in family life and child rearing. Australian Institute of Family Studies.

Sharon McElroy & David Hevey (2013) Relationship between adverse early experiences, stressors, psychosocial resources and wellbeingChild Abuse & Neglect, 38(1).

Emma Young (2019) The Psychological Impacts of Poverty. BPS Research Digest, December 2019.

UNICEF (2015) Child protection overview.

Urie Bronfenbrenner

Carole Upshur (1990) Early intervention as preventive intervention. In Jack Shonkoff & Samuel Meisels (Eds.), Handbook of early childhood intervention (pp. 633–650). Cambridge University Press. There is a new (2011) edition of this Handbook, which contains a number of other chapters on early intervention.

From birth to adolescence

First experiences of life

Sue Gerhardt (2003) Why Love Matters: How Affection Shapes a Baby’s Brain. (2nd Edition 2014). Routledge.

University of Turku (2019) Predictability of parent interaction positively influences child’s development. ScienceDaily, 15 August 2019.

Dimitra Hartas (2014) The social context of parenting: mothers’ inner resources and social structuresResearch Papers in Education, 30(5).

Sue Roffey (2021) Childhood: The role of fathers.

Michael Lamb (2010) How do Fathers Influence Child Development: Let me Count the ways. In Michael Lamb (Ed.), The Role of the Father in Child Development, 5th Edition. Wiley.

Hillary Rodham Clinton (& Barbara Feinman) (1996) It Takes a Village: And Other Lessons Children Teach UsSimon & Schuster.

The early years

[“a million new neural connections a second”]:
Harvard Center on the Developing Child (2017) Brain Architecture. Harvard University.

Frederick Zimmerman, Dimitri Christakis, & Andrew Meltzoff (2007) Associations between media viewing and language development in children under age two years. The Journal of Paediatrics, 151(4), 364–368.

Betty Hart & Todd Risley (1995) Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experiences of Young American Children. Paul H Brookes Publishing.

Tina Malti (2020) Kindness: a perspective from developmental psychology. European Journal of Developmental Psychology

Lee Rowland & Oliver Scott Curry (2018) A range of kindness activities boost happinessThe Journal of Social Psychology, 159(3)

Middle childhood: becoming part of a social world

Roy Baumeister & Mark Leary (1995) The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497–529.

Sue Roffey (2013) Inclusive and Exclusive Belonging: The impact on individual and community wellbeing. Educational and Child Psychology, 30(1), 38–49.

Geoffrey Williams, Viking Hedberg, Elizabeth Cox & Edward Deci (2006) Extrinsic life goals and health-risk behaviours in adolescents. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30(8), 1756–1771.


Alana Butler (2010) Adolescent Identity Development. ACT for Youth.

Iroise Dumontheil (2016) Adolescent brain development. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 10, 39-44.

Xinyuan Fu, Laura Padilla-Walker & Michael Brown (2017) Longitudinal relations between adolescents’ self-esteem and prosocial behavior toward strangers, friends and familyJournal of Adolescence, 57, 90-98.

Mark Greenberg (2006) Promoting resilience in children and youth: Preventive interventions and their interface with neuroscience. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 1094, 139–150.

David Hawkins, Richard Catalano, Rick Kosterman, R. Abbot & Karl Hill (1999) Preventing adolescent health risk behaviors by strengthening protection during childhood. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 226–234.

BBC Storyville (2021)  I am Greta.

Emma González (2018) Parkland Student Emma González Opens Up About Her Fight for Gun Control: “Adults are behaving like children.” Harpers Bazaar, Feb 16 2018.

Malala Yousafzai (2020) Malala’s Story

Growing good men

Silvia Sara Canetto & Anne Cleary (Eds.) (2012) Men, masculinities, and suicidal behaviourSocial Science and Medicine Special Issue, 74(4), 461–636.

Dieter Henkel (2011) Unemployment and Substance Use: A Review of the Literature (1990-2010)Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 4, 4-27

Eleanor Chestnut, Marianna Zhang & Ellen Markman (2021)  “Just as good”: Learning gender stereotypes from attempts to counteract them. Developmental Psychology, 57(1), 114–125.


Steve Silberman (2015) Neurotribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity. Allen and Unwin.

Families that enable children – and the future – to flourish

Amanda Morris, Lixian Cui & Laurence Steinberg (2013) Parenting research and themes: What we have learned and where to go next. In Robert Larzelere, Amanda Morris & Amanda Harrist (Eds.), Authoritative parenting: Synthesizing nurturance and discipline for optimal child development (pp.35–58). American Psychological Association.

Claire Hughes, Gabriela Roman & Rosie Ensor (2014) Parenting and Executive Function: positive and negative influences. In Cary Cooper & Susan Landry (Eds.) Wellbeing: A complete reference guide, Volume 1 Children and Families, Part 2 Parenting and Children’s Development. Wiley On-line library.

Examples of positive action

Kimberley Schonert-Reichl, Veronica Smith, Anat Zaidman-Zait & Clyde Hertzman (2012) Promoting children’s prosocial behaviours in school: Impact of the “Roots of Empathy” program on the social and emotional competence of school-aged children. School Mental Health, 4(1), 1–12.

Brenda Dobia (2019) “Every client has a trauma history”. Teaching Respectful Relationships to Marginalised Youth. An evaluation of NAPCAN’s Respectful Relationships Program Northern Territory 2017–2018. Western Sydney University.

#KindnessMatters for the SDGs – acts of kindness

Hope and optimism

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child